City College of New York professor Gregory Downs examines the Reconstruction Era that followed the American Civil War. Professor Downs explores several questions from the period: Without voting rights, what does the end of slavery mean for African Americans? Should former Confederates be welcomed back into Congress? And, how do you end a civil war? Topics discussed include ideas about reconciliation in Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address, as well as decisions on reconstruction made during the administration of Lincoln's successor, President Andrew Johnson.