James Baldwin & Marlon Brando at the 1963 March on Washington
Sunday, August 25, 2013
On August 28, 1963 -- the date of the historic March on Washington -- the U.S. Information Agency filmed this roundtable discussion with march participants Sidney Poitier, Charlton Heston, Marlon Brando, James Baldwin and Harry Belafonte.
Monday, August 26, 2013 at 10:47am (ET)
The 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was 49 years ago, on August 28, 1963. The march was organized to push for comprehensive civil rights including public school desegregation, voting rights protections and a federal program to train and place unemployed workers. It was at this march that civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. This is a 1963 U.S. Information Agency Film on the march.
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As the nation prepares to mark the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in late August, the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library in Boston convened a forum to recall the event and its legacy. Congressman John Lewis – who was among those speaking at the Lincoln Memorial before the multitude gathered in 1963 – delivered the keynote address. You'll also see film clips from the March on Washington, and hear the recollections of former U.S. Information Agency photographer Rowland Scherman, who captured some of the day’s most iconic images.
After the American Revolution – and before he was elected the first president of the United States – George Washington retired from public life. During that time, he traveled to western Virginia to check on his landholdings. Author Edward Larson talks about this journey and how it contributed to Washington’s interest in western expansion and propelled his efforts to link the east and west through the Potomac River. George Washington’s Mount Vernon hosted this event.
Retired U.S. Army Intelligence officer & former NSA executive assistant John Newman discusses declassified documents and codenames related to the CIA, Cuba & the assassination. Newman is the author of “JFK and Vietnam” and “Oswald and the CIA.” This is part of an Assassination Archives and Research Center conference marking the 50th anniversary of the release of the Warren Commission Report entitled, “The Warren Report and the JFK Assassination: A Half Century of Significant Disclosures.”
Opened in 1909, the Russell Senate Office Building relieved crowded conditions in the U.S. Capitol. Senate Historian Donald Ritchie explains why the Senate needed to expand and describes some of the many historic investigations that have taken place in the Senate Caucus Room, including the 1912 Titanic & the 1920s Teapot Dome hearings. This is the first of a two-part program.
A former member of the Black Panther Party, Bill Jennings, joins author Lauren Araiza to discuss multiracial coalitions during the civil rights movements of the 1960s and 70s.
On October 27, 1964, future president Ronald Reagan delivered a 30-minute television campaign speech for Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater. Later titled the "A Time for Choosing" speech, it raised hundreds of thousands of dollars for the Goldwater campaign and helped launch Reagan's political career.
Author D.M. (Dennis) Giangreco talks about his book, “The Soldier from Independence: A Military History of Harry Truman.” He explores the story of Truman’s role as a field artillery battery commander in World War I. The Kansas City Public Library co-hosted this event with the Truman Library Institute and the National World War I Museum.
Vanderbilt University professor Sarah Igo talks about the societal shift that occurred during the early 20th century as as modernization impacted businesses and households. Igo focuses on the literary works of individuals such as Christine Frederick, proponent of home economics, and Frederick Winslow Taylor, who sought to improve industrial efficiency.
Author and history professor Michael Vorenberg discusses the legacy of Confederate Captain Henry Wirz, who was in charge of the Andersonville Prison Camp from March 1864 to his arrest in May 1865 for war crimes. Wirz was convicted and executed near the U.S. Capitol building.