James Baldwin & Marlon Brando at the 1963 March on Washington
Sunday, August 25, 2013
On August 28, 1963 -- the date of the historic March on Washington -- the U.S. Information Agency filmed this roundtable discussion with march participants Sidney Poitier, Charlton Heston, Marlon Brando, James Baldwin and Harry Belafonte.
Monday, August 26, 2013 at 10:47am (ET)
The 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was 49 years ago, on August 28, 1963. The march was organized to push for comprehensive civil rights including public school desegregation, voting rights protections and a federal program to train and place unemployed workers. It was at this march that civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. This is a 1963 U.S. Information Agency Film on the march.
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As the nation prepares to mark the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in late August, the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library in Boston convened a forum to recall the event and its legacy. Congressman John Lewis – who was among those speaking at the Lincoln Memorial before the multitude gathered in 1963 – delivered the keynote address. You'll also see film clips from the March on Washington, and hear the recollections of former U.S. Information Agency photographer Rowland Scherman, who captured some of the day’s most iconic images.
We hear from a panel about the personal and political consequences of Warren Harding’s long term love affair. The affair predated the 29th president's administration. Surviving love letters detailing the relationship were until very recently kept under seal by the Library of Congress, which hosted this event. The former president’s grandnephew, Richard Harding, explains why his family insisted on keeping the letters sealed and how the family continues to deal with the fallout from the affair and its impact on Warren Harding’s legacy.
Edwin Fountain of the U.S. World War I Centennial Commission discusses efforts to re-develop Pershing Park in Washington, DC as a site to commemorate those who sacrificed their lives during World War I. Currently the park is the site of a memorial to General John Pershing, who commanded the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I.
Author Thomas Buckley discusses the establishment of religious freedom in the U.S. Mr. Buckley focuses on Virginia’s groundbreaking statute on religious freedom authored by Thomas Jefferson and its role in bringing freedom of religion to the newly independent United States. Buckley also describes how the statute’s influence has extended into the 20th century and the Supreme Court’s modern interpretation of the separation of church and state.
Author Larry Ball discusses the life and legacy of westerner Tom Horn, who lived from 1860 to 1903. Ball describes Horn’s work as a gunman for the Pinkerton Detective Agency and Wyoming Cattlemen's Association, as well as his murder conviction and execution in 1903. The New Mexico History Museum hosted the event.
Author Rawn James describes Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall’s early career and profiles his mentor, Charles Hamilton Houston. The two lawyers led the NAACP’s legal office in challenging Jim Crow laws with a focus on school integration.
President Truman’s grandson, Clifton Truman Daniel, joins atomic bomb survivors from Hiroshima and Nagasaki to discuss the lasting legacy of the nuclear attacks that ended World War II in the Pacific. It was President Truman who ordered the bombs dropped on the Japanese cities. We’ll hear the survivors describe the attacks as they experienced them – and the lasting emotional and physical effects of the bombings. This event was hosted by the Japan Society.
Indiana University professor Michael McGerr discusses feminism and its impact on popular music in the 1960s and ‘70s. The class is part of a course called “Rock, Hip Hop and Revolution: Popular Music in the Making of Modern America, 1940 to the Present.”
Oregon State University professor Marisa Chappell discusses the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s and the anti-poverty and entitlement programs that were part of President Lyndon Johnson’s “War on Poverty.” She also details the societal attitudes toward impoverished minorities at the time, focusing on the challenges faced by single mothers.